For this blog I’m going to share with you the products I use to refinish wood veneer. It’s a very common question I get asked and thought it would make sense to share my product recommendations, hints and tips in one place…
I have included links (where relevant) to where you can buy the supplies from too. Please note: this blog contains some affiliate links, meaning I may earn a small commission if you decide to make a purchase using the links I have provided () - you can read more about what this actually means at the end of this blog.
Put simply, a veneer is a super thin sheet of wood (literally a few millimeters) which is glued and pressed onto another piece of wood. Much of the mid century furniture I work with will have a walnut or teak veneer applied to something like birch plywood.
As veneers are very thin, it is very easy to accidentally sand through them using electric sanders (don’t ask how I know! 🙈).
If like me sometimes you wish to have some lovely looking wood grain on show with your project and want to avoid the risk of sanding through a beautiful veneer here’s what I do…
To ‘refinish’ any wood, including veneer, it’s important to remove all traces of the previous finish so you are working with bare wood again. Here’s a list of the tools, materials and products I use to get the job done:
- Authentic Bio Strip ()
- White spirit
- Good quality furniture cleaner - I use Grime Cutter ()
- Water mister ()
- Marigold scrunchies (Heavy duty scourers) - ()
- Paint scraper ()
- Your topcoat of choice (e.g. click here for , or Osmo Polyx Wax Oil)
Before starting, like with any piece of furniture it helps to inspect the item thoroughly. If it has wooden veneers, there’s a chance they may be lifting or bubbling in certain places. The stripping and cleaning process which follows this step will introduce moisture to the veneer so it’s best to glue and clamp any areas of concern now.
Having gone over your piece with a fine tooth comb, and dealt with any issues that need attention, now is time to thoroughly clean your piece.
For Bio Strip, or any stripper for that matter, to function effectively, it should have direct contact with the paint, wax or varnish you are removing.
Apply your cleaning products as per instructions and get the item/veneer clean.
Once cleaned, remove all remaining cleaning residue with clean water and rags and dry using cloths.
Now your piece if squeaky clean it’s time to apply the stripper.
Apply a amount of the product using your synthetic bristle brush. Be sure to mask any areas where you don’t wish to apply the Bio Strip too.
The time needed for Bio Strip to do it’s work depends on the finish that is being stripped. Typically 30 minutes is long enough. I tend to go back to the item about 15 minutes after initial application to check it still looks ‘wet’. If it looks like it is drying in areas, I apply a few extra dabs of the stripper.
When the appropriate time has elapsed, it’s time to remove the stripper from your piece.
You want to use a paint scraper for this job, I get mine from hardware stores like Homebase and Wilko.
In this short clip you see me removing an old varnish finish from some teak veneer drawer fronts. Make sure you follow the direction of the grain when you do this!
If after scraping/removing the Bio Strip you find some areas haven’t stripped very well, reapply the Bio Strip and leave for another 30 minutes before scraping off again. After removing the stripper with your scraper leave for approximately 60 minutes before the next step.
Your wood will look ‘wet’ thanks to the stripper product but will still contain some stripper residue. It’s important that all comes off.
For this stage, I use a tiny amount of detergent (washing up liquid) mixed with luke warm water to clean the item further and remove all traces of the stripper.
I like to use Marigold scrunchies. Dip into your cleaning solution and apply to your piece taking care at all times to follow the direction of wood grain.
Go gentle when you clean too, like when you were scraping, every time moisture is introduced to the wood it could cause fibres to rise. You want to be sure you don’t snag any of these with your cloths, rags or scrunhie. Pay particular attention to edges where veneer could ‘lift’.
Now the wood is squeaky clean and back to bare wood it’s time to let it fully dry. I leave for a good 24 hours. The wood will look much lighter, here’s an example...
In preparation for a new top coat you’ll want the surface to be super smooth. Use 240+ grit sandpaper and sand by hand. Apply gentle pressure at all times - remember veneer is super thin! Follow the direction of the grain whilst sanding.
When the piece feels nice and smooth, use a tack or slightly damp cloth to remove all sanding dust.
Having removed the old finish, all stripper and cleaning residue and sanded the piece smooth it’s now time to apply your topcoat of choice. There's a range so I'll talk about each...
Hemp oil is a natural oil and good for those with sensitivities. I have used it on both bare wood and previously finished wood surfaces to give them a freshen up. It gives wood a rich lustre. Super easy to apply too. Fusion and Dixie Belle both produce this stuff (for Fusion Hemp Oil and for Dixie Belle Howdy Do Hemp Oil ). I’ve used both and they’re identical. Super easy to apply as you can see in the below clip.
As top coats go, hemp oil is not the hardest wearing although it will provide some protection against moisture. It does require reapplication every 6 months or so too, so be mindful of that if you plan on selling your piece. Perhaps include a small jar of hemp oil so new owners can reapply?
Admittedly you do not necessarily get the ‘richness and depth’ of an oil but General Finishes High Performance topcoat () is incredibly durable and robust. In the following clip you see me apply it to some teak veneer drawers. It requires a couple of hours to dry and very light, fine sand between coats. 2 - 3 coats is usually sufficient.
OSMO POLYX WAX OIL
If you want the ‘rich’ look of an oil and the durability of a super strong varnish then Osmo is a good option. It’s an incredibly hard wearing, oil-based product - which means it’s a bit smelly, just be mindful of that if you opt for water-based alternatives for that very reason. I have only used it once on the below teak door fronts. Being an oil-based product it takes several hours to dry between coats.
I hope you found this blog helpful! I am by no means an expert and regularly adjust and tweak my approaches based on things I see and hear but have achieved very good results with these techniques.
If you purchase any of the products mentioned above, let me know via social media (Facebook click hereand/or Instagram click here) about how you get on with and be sure to show me what you create with them!
Good luck with your projects!
Paul Percy and Albert Interiors
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